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a large fig leaf with a prominent fungal scorch lesion resembling anthracnose (Glomerella cingulata).".
At this point he forged some extremely important friendships, with the painter Prospero Orsi, the architect Onorio Longhi, and the sixteen-year-old Sicilian artist Mario Minniti.
Reports stated that he died of a fever, but suggestions have been made that he was murdered or that he died of lead poisoning.
In the 20th century interest in his work revived, and his importance to the development of Western art was reevaluated.Caravaggio employed close physical observation with a dramatic use of chiaroscuro that came to be known as tenebrism.He made the technique a dominant stylistic element, darkening shadows and transfixing subjects in bright shafts of light.Caravaggio's mother died in 1584, the same year he began his four-year apprenticeship to the Milanese painter Simone Peterzano, described in the contract of apprenticeship as a pupil of Titian.Caravaggio appears to have stayed in the Milan-Caravaggio area after his apprenticeship ended, but it is possible that he visited Venice and saw the works of Giorgione, whom Federico Zuccari later accused him of imitating, and Titian.
The 20th-century art historian André Berne-Joffroy stated, "What begins in the work of Caravaggio is, quite simply, modern painting." Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi or Amerighi) was born in Milan, where his father, Fermo (Fermo Merixio), was a household administrator and architect-decorator to the Marchese of Caravaggio, a town not far from the city of Bergamo.