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The volume of a Roman amphora was one cubic foot, c. Roman amphorae were wheel-thrown terracotta containers. During the production process the body was made first and then left to dry partially.Amphorae often were marked with a variety of stamps, sgraffito, and inscriptions.They are most often ceramic, but examples in metals and other materials have been found.Versions of the amphorae were one of many shapes used in Ancient Greek vase painting.
Homer uses the long form for metrical reasons, and Herodotus has the short form.
Neck amphorae were commonly used in the early history of ancient Greece, but were gradually replaced by the one-piece type from around the 7th century BC onward.
Most were produced with a pointed base to allow upright storage by embedding in soft ground, such as sand.
The Romans acquired it during the Hellenization that occurred in the Roman Republic. The Romans turned the Greek form into a standard -a declension noun, amphora, pl. Undoubtedly, the word and the vase were introduced to Italy through the Greek settlements there, which traded extensively in Greek pottery.
It is remarkable that even though the Etruscans imported, manufactured, and exported amphorae extensively in their wine industry, and other Greek vase names were Etruscanized, no Etruscan form of the word exists.